Which languages have the highest difficulty and are the most difficult? The learning of a new language can be challenging, but if the chosen language already has the reputation of being a complicated and challenging one, then you are in for a real challenge!
It is often thought that Mandarin is one of the world’s hardest languages, but there are many other contenders that are often overlooked. For those who love languages and are constantly striving to learn new and exciting languages,
List of 5 Hardest Languages for Learning
1 – Mandarin
Chinese Interesting enough, the most widely spoken native language in the world is also the most challenging to learn. Mandarin Chinese is difficult to learn for many reasons.
It is especially challenging for English speakers (and anyone familiar with the Latin alphabet) to deal with the writing system. Mandarin is a language that requires memorizing thousands of characters in addition to learning its rules.
Students must also confront challenges that aren’t encountered in Latin-based languages, such as learning grammar. Although learning Mandarin is difficult, writing isn’t the only challenge.
It is the 1st from world’s most hardest languages and extremely difficult to speak because of its tonal nature. The Cantonese dialect, particularly, has different written characters and pronunciations, as well as more difficult learning requirements.
A word can be pronounced four different ways in Mandarin Chinese (the most common dialect), and each pronunciation has a different meaning. In its various forms, the word ma can be interpreted as “mother,” “horse,” “rough,” or even “scolding.”.
2 – Arabic
Among the top five most spoken languages in the world, Arabic is the second most difficult language for English speakers to learn. In the Arabic language, there are dozens of varieties that are classified by region or country.
Different varieties can exhibit dramatic differences from one another. Choosing which dialect to learn is the first step, but it is the easiest. One more language whose writing system isn’t Latin is Arabic.
Despite the fact that English speakers will probably have less trouble understanding the 28 script letters than Chinese speakers will, becoming familiar with the new writing system is still a challenge.
It is particularly challenging for beginners to read and write Arabic since many words are devoid of vowels. It is very detrimental to the long-term health of the lung.
There is also a tendency to write Arabic from right to left rather than left to right, so you must adapt. Additionally, spoken Arabic has some features due to which it includes in the list of hardest languages to learn.
Sounds made in your throat or in the back of your mouth exist nowhere else in English, or are simply unfamiliar to English speakers. There are also some challenges with the grammar; verbs generally come before the subject, and you have to learn how to use words in both singular and plural forms.
3 – Polish
The most challenging languages become progressively easier from this point on, but they remain challenging. Our list was topped by Polish at number three.
The Polish language can be difficult for English speakers in some areas, such as spelling and grammar. The consonant overload makes spelling and pronouncing words difficult.
Compared to non-Latin languages like Chinese, Arabic, and others, the letters in Polish are more familiar to English speakers. You’ll also be in a desirable group if you know Polish as a second language, considering Polish’s place as a major economic force.
4 – Russian
The fourth most challenging language to learn, Russian makes use of the Cyrillic alphabet, which consists of both familiar and unfamiliar letters.
The speaker must be careful because some Cyrillic letters may look familiar, but their sound is different from that of the Latin letters they resemble.
Using the Cyrillic alphabet, the letter “B” makes a “V” sound. The Polish language is more difficult in many aspects than Russian in terms of grammar.
Russian has six cases, while Polish has seven. Furthermore, Russians omit the present tense verb “to be”, which can make constructing basic sentences difficult for beginners.
The Russian translation of “I am a student” is just “I am a student.” Like Polish, Russian also uses a lot of consonants that are grouped together, which makes it hard to read and pronounce.
The extra effort involved in learning Russian might make it worthwhile. As well as opening up numerous career opportunities and leisure pursuits, it’s a highly relevant language politically and culturally.
5 – Turkish
Let me introduce you to a new word: agglutination. In Turkish, prefixes and suffixes determine a word’s meaning and indicate direction by attaching them to it, instead of using a separate preposition.
English speakers might also find a concept in Turkish confusing: vowel harmony, where vowel endings are used to improve the flow of a word. What we consider to be one of the most difficult languages to learn contains many unfamiliar words of Arabic origin.
Fortunately, Turkish has few grammar exceptions in comparison to other languages, its spelling is straightforward, and it’s an interesting way to explore an agglutination language.